Malta Gaming Authority

The international gaming license hub of Malta was rocked by a series of arrests for murder and mafia infiltration in the gaming industry. The investigation brought down the Malta Gaming Authority CEO and the former Prime Minister.

Journalist Murdered

Malta is one of the largest online gaming hubs in the world. The European island nation licenses over 200 online casinos operating in the international gambling industry. Gaming makes up 12% of Malta’s GDP.

This amount of casino notoriety often attracts criminal enterprises, corruption, and murder. As a result of her investigation into the Malta gaming industry, an anti-corruption journalist named Daphne Caruana Galizia was killed by a car bomb in 2017.

According to Malta Today, Caruana Galizia had been investigating corruption in the Malta gaming industry, specifically allegations of mafia connections with casino mogul Yorgen Fenech.

After the car bombing, police arrested three men in connection with the car bombing, and arrested Fenech for ordering the hit on the journalist. He was attempting to flee Malta on his yacht when he was arrested.

Fenech was charged with “promoting, organizing or financing a group with the intention of carrying out a criminal offense, actively participating in this criminal organization by giving information, material means, or the recruitment of new members whilst aware of the purpose of this organization,” Malta Today reported.

In addition to these charges, Fenech was also charged with “complicity in the willful homicide of Daphne Caruana Galizia, conspiracy to commit a crime in Malta punishable by imprisonment, and complicity in causing an explosion which caused Caruana Galizia’s death.”

Fenech had ties to the upper echelons of the government of Malta. As a result of the scandal, Malta Prime Minister Joseph Muscat was forced to resign in 2017.

Mafia Involvement

As the investigation probed deeper, authorities found ties to organized crime groups in Italy. Some mafia elements had infiltrated the Maltese gaming industry and set up illegal offshore casinos.

arrest of Benedetto BacchiThe investigation led to the arrest of Benedetto Bacchi, aka “King of Betting.” Bacchi’s Phoenix International company ran 700 betting stores illegally and paid kickbacks to the Palermo Cosa Nostra.

Since then, many illegal casino licenses were revoked and several online casino operators in Malta lost their licenses in the crackdown. Some of these companies ended their own licenses.

According to the Times of Malta, Malta Gaming Authority (MGA) CEO Heathcliff Farrugia was charged with corruption and trading influence with Yorgen Fenech. He was accused of supplying Fenech with sensitive industry information regarding his competitors. Farrugia resigned from the MGA last October, but the whole affair was hushed up to avoid harming Malta’s gaming reputation.


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Richard Holmes was born in Tampa, Florida and studied computer science at Pensacola Christian College in Pensacola Florida. A devout Baptist, volunteer Sunday School teacher and online gaming fan, Richard works as a part-time systems administrator at Baptist Hospital and part-time professional blogger specializing in statistics, probability and computer science issues. He is an ardent believer in the future of artificial intelligence as a tool for transforming human society for the better, particularly in the area of health care and modern medicine. A chess player, and competitive online gamer Richard actively participates on online gaming tournaments in his free time.