There are new advances in technology being introduced in society on a regular basis. 5G is one of the newest developments and refers to mobile technologies that will make devices run faster. The exact definition of 5G differs among tech experts, so it’s easy to get confused about its function and necessity in mobile devices. The standard for ITU IMT-2020 is 20 gigabits per second, with millimeter waves of about 15 gigahertz and a higher frequency. So, one of the main benefits of 5G is that it provides lower frequencies ranging from 600 MHz to 6GHz. It has also been said that 5G is only slightly faster than 4G (anywhere from 15% to 50%) With what we know about 5G technology, one might wonder if it will be essential in our personal and professional lives.
5G also comes after 4G LTE (long term evolution), which was introduced in 2012. As new forms of mobile technology abound every decade or so, 5G will likely be commonplace in just a few years. Technology experts also believe that we’ll be able to use 5G for a number of functions, including operating large appliances and vehicles. This could make it easier to monitor parts of your home when you’re away and even operate a vehicle without having to drive it. For 5G to take on these capabilities, it’s important that the technology is as developed as possible, which means it may not be readily available to all consumers immediately.
Here are some additional things that 5G could mean for you as a consumer in the near future.
5G vs 4G
5G technology will replace 4G eventually, but experts say that we have a significant amount of time before this happens. 5G technology will likely be used in businesses first to test the technology and ensure its reliability before it is consistently marketed to consumers. 5G will mainly provide higher processing speeds than 4G and will decrease latency. It is also predicted that 5G will come to countries that are well-developed first before going to developing nations. For example, China is still making 4G LTE widely available to its customers even as it explores 5G capabilities. As such, it will take time for 5G technology to become the global standard .
Companies Are Already Investing in 5G
Verizon and AT&T are investing in 5G, which reflects the confidence these companies have in the new technology and its benefits. These corporations also want to be at the forefront of the 5G trend to both retain and attract customers. Consumers got a sample of how 5G works in 2017, and the reviews have been positive for the most part. These companies are conducting 5G tests in house to see how the network performs in a variety of scenarios. Huawei has partnered with MegaFon, a Russian cell service carrier, to test the 5G network the 2018 FIFA World Cup. As the network is perfected, customers will have more opportunities to try the network and provide feedback. A number of other companies are also investing in 5G, including Huawei, Ericsson and Intel. These companies have a direct hand in how devices operate and produce chips that send important messages across networks. As more people learn about 5G, more corporations will likely start investing.
Low transmission latency is one of the perks of 5G that isn’t talked about often but is very important. Latency is the speed with which the signal is beamed from a tower and transmitted to a device. When a network has low latency, the devices connected to this network will respond to data and user commands quicker. According to Huawei, a mobile technology company based in China, 4G latency is about 50 milliseconds. However, with 5G latency can be reduced to just 1 millisecond. This is good news for businesses with strong online presence and for people with vehicles that rely on network connectivity. Experts also predict that 5G will make it easier to provide cellular services and Wi-Fi to remote areas with unreliable signals. There are still countries operating on 2G networks, and 5G could make it easier for these areas to get consistent service.
Low latency can also make it easier to play certain video games. The video gaming industry is booming, thanks to increasingly higher internet speeds. 5G technology could mean that more games are developed, along with advanced equipment to play these games on a competitive level.
5G Will Cause a Boost in Data Speeds
One of the main reasons customers and businesses are so excited about 5G is because of the data speed it promises. Recently, AT&T stated that 5G would likely be able to be measured in gigabits per second instead of megabits. This is a positive indication of the high speed we can expect to experience. Both AT&T and Verizon claim that 5G will be up to 100 times faster than 4G. This means that items that currently take minutes to download with 4G can be downloaded in just seconds with 5G.
5G Better Supports the Internet
AT&T released a 5G roadmap recently detailing the ways that 5G is a necessity for the future of the internet. There are several appliances like refrigerators, lights and garage door openers that use cellular networks. 5G technology is expected to make these devices work even more efficiently. The Internet of Things, combined with faster 5G internet, can make shopping and doing business online quicker and easier. This indicates that companies and home-based businesses should take advantage of 5G technology as soon as possible to stay competitive.
There are No Regulations
As of right now, there aren’t regulations and standards to govern the way that 5G is used and accessed. Rules for operation aren’t in place yet, so governments are working to create standards that will require field trials. This could change until more research is conducted to put regulations in place. It will take years for the standards process to be established, similar to the regulation process of precursor mobile technology. International standards will be put in place and modified as further 5G testing and research continues. It’s been proposed by Verizon that 5G will be available for consumers by the end of 2018. AT&T strives to take the lead in mobile technology and says that 5G won’t be widely available until 2020.
5G Will Lead to Important Applications
It has long been said that self-driving cars would be the wave of the future. There have been a few prototypes introduced to the market in the last few years. Yet 5G technology could help to make these types of vehicles much more common. Since 5G connectivity is much faster than anything we’ve ever had, self-driving cars could be safer than ever before. Self-driving cars need to use 5G technology to be able to communicate with each other quickly and avoid accidents. Huawei states that self-driving cars traveling at 60 mph using 4G could drive for over 4 feet before being alerted to obstacles. With a 5G network, the car will travel only 2.8 centimeters once an obstacle is detected. Consumers with concerns about the safety of self-driving vehicles will appreciate the faster connectivity that makes these cars safer.
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